What is Telemedicine?
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What is Telemedicine?
This figure illustrates how telemedicine is working. A patient measures his blood pressure at the morning breakfast. The blood pressure measuring device is equipped with a "sender", which automatically and wireless transmits the measurements to a database. Thereby innovative transmission techniques in the telecommunications are used (thus: telemedicine).
In a telemedical centre the telemedical personal diagnosing in time the blood pressure values and similar health parameters (such as weight or ECG). If something has changed, they contact the patient – in this way abnormal findings can be detected early and a medical treatment can be initiated in time. In focus: In contrast to the presence medicine, the spatial distance between patient and therapist will be overcome by using telecommunications (e.g. mobile or internet) in telemedicine.
In focus: In contrast to the presence medicine, the spatial distance between patient and therapist will be overcome by using telecommunications (e.g. mobile or internet) in telemedicine.
Which forms of telemedicine exist?
- Telemedicine is useful for doctors to transmit patient data to one another, to obtain second opinions and to exchange knowledge ("doc2doc" telemedicine). It is used in continuing medical education, in particularly complicated cases or in remote areas.
- Telemedicine is also used in direct collaboration between doctors and patients ("doc2patient" telemedicine). Above all, health values are monitored, but diagnoses are also made and therapies initiated if necessary.
The second-mentioned form of telemedicine is through the active participation of the patients and the medical and nursing staff of a telemedicine center.
Our telemedical center is staffed by specialists and nurses. Specialists make diagnoses in the event of abnormal measured values and coordinate the necessary measures together with the specialist nurses: Normally, they notify the patient and his / her general practitioner or specialist. If this person cannot be reached on the weekend, for example, they initiate therapy themselves (such as adjusting the dose of medication). In an acute emergency, you can send an emergency doctor immediately and support initial measures by telephone (e.g. cardiopulmonary resuscitation or continuous ECG measurement, with the ECG measurement being transmitted to the telemedicine center in real time over any period of time).
The following figures shows the system architecture of the Fontane-Project: